Fear is an emotion that arises in cases of a real or imaginary threat to the existence of the organism, its values, ideals and principles. If fears turn into a problem for a person and interfere with his daily life, they are already considered as phobias.
In addition to the psychological component phobia disorder can manifest a variety of vegetative symptoms:
- sweating, redness;
- tremor or tremor;
- dry mouth;
- difficulty breathing and feeling of choking;
- chest discomfort or pain;
- nausea or unpleasant feeling in the abdomen.
What types of phobias are there?
Most common is agoraphobia, which includes not only open spaces, but also other phobias: fear of crowds and the inability to immediately return to a safe place, fear of leaving the house and entering shops, fear of the crowd and public place or fear of traveling alone in public transport (metro, trains, airplanes, etc.).
How to treat phobias?
For the treatment of fear, tranquilizers are usually used (relanium, phenazepam, seduxen and others), however, frequent and unsystematic administration of these medicines leads to the formation of dependence on these drugs, therefore treatment with such drugs should be strictly limited in time (about two weeks). It can be said that such treatment of fear is likely to be ultimately ineffective.
The recommended treatment is a combination of the drug method (taking an individually selected antidepressant) with psychotherapy, which will help to understand the essence of fear, the reasons for its occurrence and eliminate phobia once and for all.